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Invertebrate Fossils OF NJ

Choristothyris sp. (Linnaeus)
Choristothyris plicata (Say)
Choristothyris vanuxemi  (Lyell and Forbes)
 

Choristothyris plicata is a small  brachiopod from the Late Cretaceous period  measuring about ˝ inch across and is common in some locations. The majority of these brachiopods are found fully articulated. Brachiopods, or “lamp shells”, are actually made up of two different halves or valves, the pedicle valve and the brachial valve. When viewed on profile the brachiopod is not symmetrical. A very similar but much rarer species is Choristothyris vanuxemi, the main difference between the two species is the number of plications. C. plicata has between 8 to 12 while the number of plications on C. vanuxemi numbers between 15 to 23. C. vanuxemi is the smaller of the two species with a much more convex pedicle valve.         


 

Choristothyris plicata

Choristothyris plicata
Top - pedicle valve
Middle - brachial valve
Bottom—profile

Monmouth County, NJ

 


 

C. plicata
 


 

The rarer Choristothyris vanuxemi, I've only found
these in one location and only as internal molds.
Monmouth County, NJ

 


 

Left - C. plicata      Right - C. vanuxemi
 

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